How did Zhou Enlai write articles

2022-06-04 0 By

Zhou Enlai spent his whole life worrying about the people, working hard for state affairs, working hard and complaining, and really doing his best and dying.Therefore, he gave people the first impression of superhuman energy, outstanding ability of the doer, organiser, is the great proletarian revolutionist, statesman, strategist, diplomat.In fact, Zhou Enlai was also a great Marxist theorist. In the long-term practice of using the basic principles of Marxism to solve specific problems in China, zhou Enlai wrote a large number of articles, documents, letters, telegrams, and made many important reports and speeches, making outstanding contributions to the formation and development of MAO Zedong Thought.Zhou Enlai’s articles and speeches, the point of view is clear, simple and powerful, for us to learn the “short, solid, new” fine style of writing set up a model.Zhou Enlai reports, writing articles, never muddy, can say in a few words clearly never roundabout.So he left behind a lot of good short, pithy articles.In the winter of 1926, with the successive victories of the Northern Expedition and the rapid development of the workers’ and peasants’ mass movements, the rightists of the Kuomintang intensified their counter-revolutionary activities, setting off a countercurrent against the cooperation between the KUOMINTANG and the Communist Party and the workers’ and peasants’ movements.The right ideology represented by Chen Duxiu in the COMMUNIST Party of China developed into a right opportunist error, dared not uphold the leadership of the proletariat, and gave way to the kuomintang rightists.In this context, zhou enlai in the district party committee of guangdong party publication have on people’s weekly published articles such as “of our current political struggle, bluntly pointed out that the kuomintang rightists presence the objective facts:” national revolution is joint of the revolution, the different classes of different nature reflected in the national party factions have been formed.In the past, the rightists obviously did a lot of anti-communist, anti-Russian, anti-workers and peasants and colluded with the old forces.””The most oppressed class of workers and peasants naturally need a Communist Party dedicated to their interests to fight for them,” and communists naturally need to “always help the left in the theoretical and practical struggle with the right.”As the opening volume of The Selected Works of Zhou Enlai, this article only has more than 2,000 words, but it profoundly expounds the truth that communist party members can join the Kuomintang, but the Communist Party must not lose its independent nature, powerfully counterattacks the kuomintang rightists attack, but also resisted the right opportunism mistakes in the party.On April 12, 1927, after Chiang kai-shek launched a counter-revolutionary coup d ‘etat in Shanghai, Zhou Enlai immediately wrote a position letter to the CENTRAL Committee of the Communist Party of China entitled “A Swift expedition against Chiang Kai-shek”.In just over 700 words, he made a clear analysis of the political and military situation at that time, pointed out that if the revolutionary forces continued to waver and compromise, the whole revolution would be doomed to fundamental failure, and advocated taking resolute measures to save the revolution.Ten years later, on November 13, 1937, shortly after the war of Resistance against Japanese Aggression began, he sent a telegram to the Central government from Linfen, Shanxi Province, again using just over 700 words, analyzing that after the Invasion of Taiyuan by the Japanese aggressors, Chiang Kai-shek’s Kuomintang would lose and Sue for peace.He emphasized in the article that the war of Resistance against Japan at that time must focus on guerrilla warfare, expand the Red Army, win over and influence the friendly army, and realize the democratization of local politics.After the telegram was sent, Zhou Enlai made a speech at the mass meeting in Linfen on November 16 titled “The Current Crisis of the Anti-Japanese War and the Task of Persisting in the Anti-Japanese War in North China”. He further analyzed the situation of the Anti-Japanese War from four aspects of war situation, international situation, military situation and popular mobilization, and pointed out that compromise and conciliation were gradually rising at home and abroad.Happened “traitors regime of active” and “the growth of capitulationism” the growth of the idea of “specialization” “‘ defeatist mood of” crisis, and profoundly analyzed the possibility of the north China Anti-Japanese War and its future, to realize the task of the north China, the main thing is that “the military transformation” power “open” open “pro-democracy” “weed out the traitors”.This famous speech of more than 3,000 words, which was timely and closely related, had a great influence on the mobilization of the people of North China to persist in the war of resistance behind enemy lines.In August 1945, when Japan had just surrendered, Zhou Enlai drafted “Urgent Demands for the Present” for the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. It was less than 500 words in text, but it was closely linked to the desire of the Chinese people for peace and democracy, Chiang Kai-shek’s deliberate attempt to provoke civil war and strengthen the situation of authoritarian rule.It put forward 14 requirements, such as withdrawing the Kuomintang troops besieging and attacking the liberated areas in order to avoid civil war, convening a political conference of representatives of all parties and non-party representatives, and establishing a coalition government.These contents were reflected in the August 25 Declaration of the CPC Central Committee on the Current Situation, which played a great role in calling on and encouraging the Chinese people to uphold peace, democracy and unity and strive for the building of an independent, free and strong New China.When zhou Enlai wrote reports and articles, he always focused on practice, never speaking or writing for the sake of speaking. Therefore, in his long articles, he always said one thing and said two things without empty talk.For example, Zhou Enlai had been engaged in and led the United Front work for a long time and had a lot of discussions on the United Front work of the Party.On April 30, 1945, he delivered a long speech entitled “On the United Front” at the seventh National Congress of the Communist Party of China, in which he systematically expounded the formation and development process of the Anti-japanese national united front from five stages, and profoundly summarized the experience and lessons of the united front work from the three aspects of the enemy, troops and commanders.This speech gives full play to MAO Zedong’s strategic thought of anti-japanese national united front through specific examples.The article contains a wealth of historical experience, answered people’s concerns, targeted and maneuverable, produced a significant impact.The same is true of Zhou Enlai’s speech “New Development of the People’s Democratic United Front in China” delivered at the third Session of the Third CPPCC National Committee on April 18, 1962.Sticking to a problem-oriented approach, he made it clear that the new tasks of the People’s Democratic United Front were to “build on the great achievements in socialist transformation and construction” and to “unite all forces that can be united with and mobilize more factors that can be mobilized to participate in socialist construction and expand our democratic life.”The CPPCC should mobilize people from all walks of life, including the democratic parties and people’s organizations, to work united and strive for new victories.For another example, Zhou Enlai attached great importance to party building and wrote many important articles.Written in November 1928 the resolutely eliminate all the proletarian party consciousness “, deeply discusses the construction of political and ideological construction, the relationship between bourgeoisie party consciousness of various performance are analyzed, point out that these petty bourgeoisie consciousness constantly to undermine the party organization, hinder the party’s work, all party members should be resolutely to eliminate all the proletarian consciousness.Written in April 1943 the “how to make a good leader”, put forward to the party’s leading cadres at all levels for the requirement of the comprehensive, emphasize the right leadership must go through the actual investigation and study, the local characteristics with addition of the party at that time, a period to determine the tasks and policy, regulations appropriate slogan and strategy,And prove whether the party’s line and tactics are correct from practice;The experience of the leader and the masses must be integrated, so that the leader is correct.Written in May 1963 against bureaucratism, pointed out that “bureaucracy is one of the leading bodies most prone to political conditions”, and lists the 20 of the bureaucracy, and stressed that “bureaucracy in our ruling party, within our state organs, is very harmful and dangerous”, must resolutely overcome them.These treatises of Zhou Enlai still have important guiding significance up to now.Thinking deeply and creatively and focusing on practice will not only help prevent theories from deviating from reality and refrain from making irrelevant remarks, but also enable us to make new discoveries in exploring laws and understanding truth and speak new words that have never been spoken before.Many of zhou enlai’s speeches and articles put forward important ideas and propositions on solving new problems.Zhou Enlai’s three speeches on intellectuals are often mentioned because they have become important documents for our Party on intellectuals after the founding of New China.One is in September 1951 in Beijing, tianjin colleges and universities teachers’ speech on learning about intellectual transformation, according to the actual situation of intellectuals from pre-liberation society, this paper discusses the intellectuals should how from national position to the people’s position, further to the working class position, and friends make a distinction between the enemy and ourselves in the study and practice, efforts to reinvent themselves,To serve the people has pointed out the direction for the intellectuals to advance.Second, the report on the Question of Intellectuals, issued at the Conference on the question of Intellectuals held by the Central Committee of the COMMUNIST Party of China in January 1956, stressed that socialist construction must rely on close cooperation between physical and mental labor and on brotherly alliances among workers, peasants and intellectuals.It clearly points out that the face of China’s intellectual circle has undergone fundamental changes in the past six years, and the vast majority of intellectuals are already part of the working class.Third, in his speech on the Problem of Intellectuals delivered in Guangzhou in March 1962, he made a scientific analysis of the development process of modern intellectuals in China, fully affirmed their position and role, and pointed out that intellectuals belong to the working class in view of the “left” tendency on the problem of intellectuals since 1957.He stressed the need to improve the Party’s relations with intellectuals, trust them, help them solve problems and enable them to give full play to their abilities.Like intellectual policy, Zhou Enlai also put forward many theoretical views on economic construction, which made important contributions to exploring the road of Socialist construction in China.In December 1949, he in the several relations in the current financial situation and the new China economic speech, stressed that “the basic task of the production is our new China,” creatively analyzed the new China several main economic relations, proposed the rational handling of relationship between urban and rural, the internal and external relations, business relations, public relations, labor relations, the principle of relationship between up and down,Clearly put forward the view that agriculture is the foundation and industry is the leader.This speech is zhou Enlai in the in-depth study of the actual situation on the basis of the overall thinking of the economic work of the theoretical summary, to guide the economic construction of new China has great significance.What is more important is that his discussions on economic development in the reports on the work of the government of several terms, which run through the central idea of realizing the four modernizations and building a strong socialist country, have exerted far-reaching influence.In September 1954, he pointed out at the First Session of the First National People’s Congress that economic development had taken a primary position in the country’s life and that the fundamental purpose of the great People’s revolution was to liberate the productive forces so that the national economy could develop in a planned and rapid way along the socialist road.In order to improve the people’s material and cultural life.For the first time, he put forward to the whole nation the task of building modern industry, agriculture, transportation and national defense in our country.In December 1964, at the first session of the third National People’s Congress, he formally put forward the grand goal of realizing the modernization of agriculture, industry, national defense and science and technology at the proposal of MAO Zedong.In January 1975, he reiterated this grand goal again at the first Session of the Fourth National People’s Congress. This passage in the report is the final volume of The Selected Works of Zhou Enlai, Marching toward the Grand Goal of the Four Modernizations.Can comfort the older generation of revolutionaries, such as MAO zedong, zhou enlai in their lead the party and the people on the basis of socialist construction, we achieved the first one hundred goals, as scheduled in the build a well-off society in an all-round way on the earth, and are so daring toward comprehensive build socialism modernization power’s second goal in one hundred.(The author is a researcher and deputy director of the Seventh Research Department of the Institute of Party History and Literature of the CPC Central Committee.)